Top 10 Alternative Energy Sources Of The Future

It will come as a surprise to no one that liquid fossil fuel is a finite resource. Sooner or later, all the Earth’s oil deposits will dry up, and we’ll be completely dependent upon alternative sources of energy. While many have embraced traditional solar power, wind power, and hydro power, others are looking ahead to even cleaner and more efficient alternatives. Here are the ones that hold a great deal of potential.

Space-Based Solar Power

solarballoonfarms

Idea

55-60% of all incoming solar energy doesn’t make it through the Earth’s atmosphere. In a space-based solar power system, fleets of satellites with large reflector or inflatable mirror could be spread out in space, directing solar radiation onto solar panels. The panels could convert that solar power into microwaves that continuously beam down to power-receiving stations on Earth,  ensuring no energy is lost.

Status

In March 2015, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency [JAXA] revealed; they had successfully converted 1.8 kilowatts of electricity into microwave, after which they wirelessly beamed them a distance of 50 metres, proving the idea’s viability.

2. Human power

human-power-1

Idea

Many experts believe the simplest way of generating renewable energy is through our own body devices now use much less power than before harvesting just a microwatt of electricity would be enough to power man small electronic devices. To harness the energy we generate 2 hour on movement, we would simply need to wear a system that collects and converts it.

Status

UK researchers have developed a knee brace that collects electrons while you walk. As the wearer’s Knee bends, four metal vanes in the device vibrate like a guitar string and produce electricity.

3. Wave Power

1000-years

Idea

Wave energy is technically of form of stored wind energy, since waves are produced from which blow over the sea. It could be captured on surface, below the surface, nearshore, or far offshore. Wave energy is measured in Kilowatt (KW) per metre of coastline; the US coastline has a wave energy potential of about 252 billion KWh per year.

Status

Five countries are already operating bibleway performs with Portugal establishing the world’s first commercial scale waveform in 2008 it has a total installed capacity of 2.25 MW.

4. Hydrogen Power

hydrogen-power-1

Idea

A colourless, odourless gas, Hydrogen account for 74% of the mass of the Universe. On Earth, it is found only in combination with oxygen, carbon and nitrogen; to use hydrogen, it must be separated from the other elements. Once it has, the gas yields high energy while producing almost no pollution.

Status

Fuel cell devices that convert hydrogen to electricity are already being used to provide power to vehicles, aircrafts, homes and buildings. Large automakers like Toyota, Honda, and Hyundai continue to invested heavily in the technology.

5. Magma Power

magma-power-1

Idea

Typing magma deep within the Earth can produce heated steam to run turbines and generate electricity. 10,700MW of geothermal electricity generated worldwide in 2010 with Iceland, the Philippines and El salvador as top geothermal power producers. The idea began to receive attention in 2008 when the Icelandic deep drilling project [IDDP] accidentally struck a shallow Magma pocket.

Status

Iceland’s IDDP-1 is the world’s first magma-enhanced geothermal system and the first to supply it directly from the molten magma it is capable of generating 36 MW of electrical power.

6. Nuclear Waste Power

nuclear-waste-power-1

Idea

Only 5% of Uranium atoms stored at nuclear power plants are utilized in the fission reaction; the rest are added to the nuclear waste stockpile. Over 77,000 tons of radioactive leftovers have piled up at America’s nuclear power plants so far. Fast reactors, and existing technology, can be redeveloped to harness up to 95% of the energy nuclear fuels can generate.

Status

GE Hitachi completed design work on a Gen-IV fast reactor called PRISM (power reactor innovative small module) that can convert nuclear waste into power,  and process spent materials so their radioactive half-life would be just 30 years instead of thousands of years.

7. Embeddable solar power

embeddable-solar-power-1

Idea

Solar window technology turns any window seat of Glass into a photovoltaic solar cell. Cells selectively harvests part of the solar spectrum that eyes can’t see, while letting regular visible light pass through. Emitted infrared light is guided to the edge of the transparent plastic, where thin strips of photovoltaics solar cells convert it into electricity.

Status

Embeddable solar power is rapidly evolving into a going concern thanks to electricity-generating liquid coatings, such as those developed by solar windows Technologies, inc.,  and the transparent luminescent solar concentrators (TLSCs)  devised by Michigan State researchers.

8. Algae power

algae-power-1

Idea

Algae is a surprising source of energy-rich oils which can be genetically modified to produce biofuels directly. Wastewater that hinders plant growth has been shown to be very effective in growing algae. On a single car, up to 9,000 gallons of biofuel can be ‘grown’ and generated.

Status

Alabama has built the world’s first algae biofuel system, using floating photobioreactorS. Algae treats the municipal wastewater, and after it is harvested, the resulting clean water is discharged into the bay.

9. Flying Wind Power

flying-wind-power-1

Idea

On a flying wind farm, wind turbines float as high as a skyscraper (1,002 to 2,000 feet above ground) to capture steadier wind that blow five to eight times stronger than wind at tower level. This turbines produce double the energy of similarly sized tower-mounted turbines.

Status

Altaeros Energies has developed the first commercial airborne wind turbine called Buoyant Air     turbine [BAT, a circular 35-foot-long inflatable shell made of heavy-duty fabric. It has a capacity of 30 kilowatts and, once in place, is completely autonomous – it self-adjust to optimal wind speed and self-docks in emergency cases.

10. Fusion Powerfusion-power-1

Idea

Fusion is the same process that powers the Sun, and has potential to provide a nearly inexhaustible supply of energy. It emits no pollutants or greenhouse gases, and has no threat of nuclear meltdown unlike current nuclear fission reactors. Fusion works by fusing together two hydrogen isotopes, deuterium and tritium, which are bountiful.

Status

The  ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor,  being built in France funded by 7 countries, is set for completion by 2027. It hopes to be the first commercially demonstrated fusion power station.