Future of Nasa’s X-Plane Program & History of Experimental Flights

With the introduction of X-57, NASA has resurrected Its history X-Plan Program-a First aid for experimental aircraft that began with chuck yeager’s  famous Supersonic flight in the bell X-1. Not all of this cutting – edge Technology went into full production,  but their tests  introduced many breakthrough in flight science. Here’s  glimpse  at the past and future of the  historic X-Plane program.

1. BELL X-1

1947

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Piloted  by Chuck Yeager, the Bell X-1 was the first aircraft to break the sound barrier.

2. BELL X-2

1952

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The “starbuster” became the first aircraft to exceed march 3, and also broke the altitude record flying 24 miles above the ground.

3. CONVAIR X-16

1957

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The modified B-36 Bomber was meant  to test nuclear powered flight.  the project, which took 15 years and cost $1 billion  was cancelled by president Kennedy.

4. NORTH AMERICAN X-15

1959

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The first manned hypersonic plane still holds the record for greatest speed at march 6.7 and highest altitude at a subordinate 108 km (67 mi). it was the first reusable manned spacecraft in history.

5. HILLER X-18

1957

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The  forerunner of  today’s tilt wing VSTOL  capable plan such as the V-22 Osprey which was introduced into Military Service in 2007.

6. BOEING X-20

1963

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The “dyna-soar” was never built, but its concept as a reusable spaceplane would inspire NASA’s space shuttle and Virgin Galactic’s spaceship two.

7. GURUMAN X-29

1984

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Joint project of Nasa the US air force and DARPA  the x29 was made from an F-5 fighter airframe test the forward-swept wing Configuration and technologies for aircraft control and handling.

8. MCDONNELL-DOUGLAS X-36

1997

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Unmanned prototypes were built and fighter-tested by a remote pilot in a “virtual cockpit,” proving that a tailless fighter jet could have improved maneuverability compared to traditional designs.

9. LOCKHEED MARTIN X-35

2000

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This X-plane prototype won the competition for the joint strike Fighter program. It entered production as the F-35 Lightning II with three variants for the US air force, the navy and marines.

10. BOEING X-45

2002

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A DARPA Project developed by boeing’s Phantom works, the X-45 is a concept demonstrator for the next generation of unmanned combat air vehicles.

11. X-57 ”MAXWELL”

2016

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The first “X-plane” designated aircraft in a decade, the X-57 or “Maxwell” will use a new wing geometry and 14 electric motor to test new methods of Energy efficiency.

12. QUEST

Undetermined

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A Future X-plane project is the Quiet Supersonic Technology (QueSST) program which will test new technology for “low boom” Supersonic passenger flight.

13. HYBRID WING BODY (HWB)

Undetermined

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An updated piloted version of boeing’s X-48 hybrid wing body design, which is extremely aerodynamic, fuel efficient, and quiet. The ultimate purpose is to develop commercial uses for the novel flight configuration.