Author: Vincent Yourhighness

22 STEM Gadgets & Toys for Kids

Robot Robots are teaching kids how to code, build, and think – and this generation of kids will soon be creating the next generation of robots and working with AI. #1. mBot Makeblock created the mBot, which lets kids build and customize their robot and then program it however they like. They start with the base kit and then customize their creation with the base kit and then customize their creation with audio devices, extra sensors, lights, mechanical pieces, and motors in the add on packs that extend the capabilities of the bots. The app works to build programs for the mBot with a drag-and-drop language similar to Scratch 2.0. #2. OzoBot The new Ozobot Bit is tiny, but tons of fun; kids command their bots using custom block-based programming editor, OzoBlocky, which is similar to Tickle App, Scratch, App Inventor, Hopscotch, or Tynker, and a Javascript preview mode is coming soon. Kids can load programs into the bot using light, so plugging in cables isn’t a thing. #3. Cubelets Cubelets let kids make Robots …

27 Amazing Facts and Speculations About Universe, Space & Earth

The eternal dance of light in the night sky has fascinated human kind for thousands of years, given birth to gods, myths and finally to science. Here we’ve put some very crucial facts that may be terrifying or beautiful, but very interesting facts about our universe. that you’d love to read about. 1. How Small is Our Home Planet? Before we can truly grasp the gravity of the threats as well as the beauty that surrounds our planet, we must first realize just how small our planet is. The circumference of earth at equator is about 24874 miles, and from the north pole to the south pole it is about 24 860 miles. In the solar system we are the fourth largest planet. After us, we are dwarfed by Neptune, Saturn and Jupiter, and our own star which is 93 million miles away from us – the sun that has mass equivalent to 130 million earths. 2. How large are the stars larger than Sun? The sun is a pretty big star, but it is nowhere the sizes of …

15 Ancient & Modern Theories That Explained The Universe

1. 15th-12th Century B.C. The Brahmanda (Cosmic Egg) Universe The Sanskrit Puranas speak of a cyclical universe in which a “cosmic egg,” or Brahmanda, expands out of a signal point before collapsing again. It is an infinite cycle of expansion and total collapse. 2. 5th Century B.C. The Anaxagorean Universe The pre-Socratic Greek philosopher Anaxagoras believed the universe to be ab ovo a primordial mixture of all its ingredients. The whole was ordered and set in whirling motion by the action of vove (“mind”), which formed the universe of separate material objects. 3. Late 5th Century B.C. The Atomist Universe Leucippus and Democritus saw the cosmos as composed of tiny, indivisible and Indestructible building blocks known as atoms (from the Greek …………. 4. 4th Century B.C. The Anaxagorean Universe According to the geocentric model of Aristotle of Stagira, a fixed, spherical Earth resides at the center of the universe, surrounded by concentric celestial spheres of planets and stars. 5. 3rd Century B.C. The Heliocentric Universe In the Hellenistic world, Aristarchus of Samos presented a refreshingly …

8 Reasons Why Haven’t We Found Aliens Yet: Complete Hypothesis

The leading astronomy intellectuals tell the approximate probability of the existence of aliens to be 99%. It makes you think that if aliens are so very likely to encounter, why haven’t we found any of those so very obvious extraterrestrial civilizations yet? The active Search Extra Terrestrial Intelligence has been ongoing for half a century. To date, no extra terrestrial signals from stellar systems have ever been detected. Here are popular theories on why our search has come up empty. Dont’ Miss – How will be world After 100 Years 1. The Rare Earth Hypothesis Basically, we’re unique. The Rare Earth hypothesis argues that planets with complex life, like Earth, are extremely rare and  that intelligent extraterrestrial life is highly improbable. Hence, we are one of a kind. 2. The Gaian Bottleneck They didn’t survive. The Gaian Bottleneck hypothesis, by astrobiologist Dr. Aditya Chopra, suggests that alien beings are all dead – they simply didn’t make it. Life forms on “habitable”  planet failed to emerge quickly enough to stabilize the planet and pave the way for more life. 3. The Great Filter Earth …

World After 50-60 Years: 9 Positive Future Predictions

Your Automated Drone Taxi alights on the top floor of the tallest building in the city: you step out, and survey the staggering skyline from your giddy parch, more than a mile high. The air is thin, but the picotech in your bloodstream swiftly adapts – after all, you’re as much machine as human. Your fashionable AR glasses feed you the day’s stock reports. Google, that old dinosaur, is foundering badly. You turn and enter the building: time for a corporate takeover. You’re an ambitious yuppie, and it is 2080’s. Welcome to the Future City. Here are 9 positive predictions about the future technological advancements. They will shape our life in the third quarter of the 21st century. 1. Flying Drone Taxi In the 80s, urban transportation – horizontal and vertical – is by means of autonomous drone taxis capable of VTOL flight. Hailing a ride couldn’t be any easier: there’s an app for that. Actually, drone taxis are old hat; they’ve been around since the 30s at least – that’s when Airbus introduced the Vahana. 2. Mile – High …

Artificial Intelligence And The Question of Sustainability

In October the White House released its report on AI: “Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence.” The report had several goals: “to foster inter-agency coordination, to provide technical and policy advice on topics related to AI, and to monitor the development of AI technologies across Industry, the research community, and the Federal Government. Here are the major takeaways and key points. 1. AI Should Be Used For The Public Good Both public and private entity industries and businesses should benefit from AI. Plans to ensure access by creating an open – source AI training database are also in the works. Look for AI working for the public good in industries like criminal justice, the economy, healthcare, and transportation. 2. Government Should  Embrace AI AI makes everything faster and more efficient, so government agencies should embrace it. DARPA already has a digital tutor for Navy recruits, and the report recommends that tutor be adapted for every agency. Furthermore, the government will provide more long-term federal support for AI research even though the private sector will be the main source …

4 Viruses Like Zika That Could Trigger An Epidemic

There are currently over 50 countries with confirmed cases of the Zika virus, while health authorities are focused on containing the spread of this latest mosquito-borne disease, epidemiologists are on lookout for new viruses that may be carried the spread by insects. Find out what could be the next Zika in the making. 1. MAYARO Carrier: Aedes mosquitoes Symptoms: Fever, chills, rashes, vomiting, diarrhea and joint pains Treatment: None Similar to Chikungunya virus, was first isolated in Trinidad in 1954. May already have adapted, like chikungunya, to be transmitted by urban mosquitoes such as Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. Recent cases reported in large Brazilian cities. As of September 2016, was detected in Haiti in what could be new strains adapting to urban cycle. 2. RIFT VALLEY FEVER Carrier: Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Aedes vexans as well as possibly over  30 other mosquito species, 19 of which are native to North America Symptoms: Fever and chills that can lead to hemorrhagic diseases accompanied by abnormal bleeding or brain inflammation Treatment: none (but there is current advanced …

How Future Technology Can Improve Human Brain Capabilities

Kernel – a new company, with an ambitious goal: to hack human intelligence (HI) and transform our brain into a programmable device that can be improved. By developing neuroprosthetics to bridge the gap between humankind and its tools, Kernel is already hard work building the solutions to marry human and artificial intelligence. Kernell marries neuroscience with technological advancements in machine learning, microelectronics, and translational medicine — making it possible to enhance intelligence in ways we previously didn’t think possible, thus redefining the human brain. Neuroscience Advancements in neuroscience have given us a deeper understanding of the brain, and furnished us with tools to reengineer it. Machine Learning Increasingly capable of matching complementing and exceeding human abilities will make connecting HI and AI even more seamless. Microelectroics Miniaturized electronics are making brain-implant technology increasingly powerful and less invasive. Translational Neuromedicine Advances in neuromedicine allow us to diagnose the mechanical causes of neurological ailments, and to construct new devices to successfully treat them. The symbiosis of human in artificial intelligence will unlock previously unimagined possibilities. Neuroprosthetics Sophisticated …

4 Types of Advanced Computing Powers

With advances in computing power – including machines learning, natural networks, natural language processing, genetic algorithms and computational creativity, to just a few – it increasingly seems likely that artificial allegiance is evolving from simple to self-aware machines. Here is a look at where A.I. is now, and the prospect of what it may become. 1. TYPE I Purely Reactive This is the most basic form of A.I. It perceives its environment/situation directly and acts on what it sees. It can’t form memories or draw on past experience to affect current decisions. It specialized only in one area. Examples: IBM’s Deep Blue which beat Kasparov at chess, Google’s AlphaGo which triumphed over human Go champions. 2. TYPE II Limited Memory Future up on the A.I. evolutionary ladder: this type considers pieces of past information and adds them to its programmed representation of the world. It has just enough memory or experience to make proper decisions and execute appropriate action. Examples: Self-driving vehicles, Chatbots, personal digital assistants 3. TYPE III Theory Of Mind Type III A.I. …

7 Ways The Death Of A Star Happens

The death of a giant star is a pretty straightforward story: a star runs out of fuel, collapses under its own gravity, explodes, and leaves behind either a neutron star or a black hole. Or so we thought. Turns out, the weird world of stellar death is a lot stranger than we ever imagined. But don’t worry, Futurism’s got you covered with this handy field guide to many deaths of giant stars. 1. Ordinary Supernova A typical supernova involves the collapse of a Star weighing 10 or more times the mass of the Sun, leaving behind a neutron star remnant and blowing off the star’s outer layers in a conventional supernova explosion. 2. False Alarm This artist’s impression shows dust forming in the environment around a supernova explosion. VLT observations have shown that these cosmic dust factories make their grains in a two-stage process, starting soon after the explosion, but continuing long afterwards. Occasionally, a star of about 72 to 150 solar masses fakes us out – it starts to go supernova, but regains its …

4 Future Planned “Space Telescopes” that will Debunk the Universe

It has been more than 25 years since Hubble Space Telescope was launched into low Earth orbit, where it continues to operate alongside the more useful Kepler Space Observatory to this day. These pioneering space telescopes have provided as vast amounts of information about our solar system and the universe at large, but we are long overdue for an upgrade. Here are four planned space telescope that will knock the galactic socks off Hubble and Kepler. 1. Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) It is a Kepler 2.0 and explorer class planet finder. The estimated cost of the project is  $228.3 million with a mission length of 2 years. August 2017 is supposed to mark its launching. Led by MIT with funding from Google, the TESS project is a two-year mission that will survey the brightest stars in the sky to locate transiting exoplanets-from earth-sized to gas giants. The telescope will build on the work of Kepler with 400x more ‘seeing’ power. TESS will be carried to high earth orbit on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. …

9 Physics Questions That Keep Scientists Up At Night

We humans are an inquisitive lot. We want to know the how and the why of things, and so far we have done a pretty good job sussing out the mysteries of the universe. But every solved question begets and unanswered enigma – and some of them are real doozies: Meanwhile you may also like –    6 Facts About The Asteroid Which Destroyed The Dinosaurs   1.  Dark Energy Maybe, it’s an unknown force or energy, comprising about 70% of the universe. Possibly it’s a mysterious property of gravity. Might even be the influence of unseen dimensions or universe. Oh, and it seems to be causing our universe to accelerate its expansion. Curiouser and curiouser… NASA’s Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope is a proposed space telescope that will investigate whether cosmic acceleration is truly an energy or is a gravitational phenomenon. 2. Dark Matter Like dark energy, it inhabits the shadows of perception – its presence is inferred from its gravitational effects and nothing more. To explain it, physicists invoke WIMPs and MACHOs, axions …

These 15 Dogs Were Sent to Space By Soviet Union

Before Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space, dozens of ordinary stray dogs boldly went where no living thing had gone before. The luckiest of these canine cosmonauts returned home to be adopted, or to become mothers and fathers. Far too many perished, and most were forgotten. Here, we honor 15 of the star dogs that involuntarily helped launch humanity into the space age.

The Science of Searching For Exoplanets

Aa of August 2016, over 3,000 extrasolar planets have been found. About a hundred of these exoplanets were discovered since 2004 through the High Accuracy Radial velocity Planets Searcher (HARPS) at the La Silla Observatory in Chile, while over a thousand exoplanet have been confirmed since 2009 by NASA’s Kepler space observatory. We’ll examine the challenges of finding planets light-years away and the ingenious methods employed by planet hunters in their search for words like or unlike our own. What Are Exoplanets? They are planets orbiting a star outside our Solar System. Of those discovered, the smallest is about double the mass of Earth’s moon while the biggest is 29 times more massive than Jupiter. How are they classified? Exoplanets are categorized according to their mass, and are generally broken down into six categories: Sub-Earth Earth-Like Super-Earth Neptune-like Jupiter-like Super-Jupiter How Many Earth-like Exoplanets Are There? Consider an average of one planet per star, with some stars having multiple panels. About one in five stars the size of our Sun has an Earth-sized Planet. With …

6 Facts About The Asteroid Which Destroyed The Dinosaurs

About 66 million years ago, there was a last perfect day for the dinosaurs. Then, a piece of the sky fell to Earth – forever changing the planet’s evolutionary complexion, and ultimately creating the world we know today. Here, we’ve broken down the details of that fateful day. 1. Impact Site A crater buried beneath the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico more than 180 kilometres (100 miles) in diameter and 20 km (12 mi) in depth. 2. Prehistoric Time Textiles only form during asteroid impact and high yield nuclear detonation. Samples from the impact site were determined to be 66,038,000 ± 11,000 years old – around the time between the Cretaceous and Paleogene periods. 3. Impactor An asteroid or comet with a diameter of 10 km (6.2 mi) or larger, which was travelling at speeds of 16 to 32 km/sec (10 to 20 miles/sec) when it hit Earth. 4. Impact specifics Energy Yield: The explosion energy of the impact is estimated to have been 420 zettajoules (over a billion times the energy of the atomic bombings …

The 7 Top Most Space Agencies of The World

Gone are the days of the bilateral Space Race-now just about every country worth its salt has sat its sights on the exploration of space. The result has been a true Golden Age of scientific discovery and research. Let’s take a look at the leading space agencies of today: 1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Established in 1958, NASA is unquestionably the world’s premier space agency. It’s milestone in human achievement include landing 12 men on the moon, building the first reusable orbiter, sending advanced Probes to every planet in the solar system, and many others too numerous to list. Manned Missions Project Mercury (year 1958 – 63) – First U.S. manned spaceflight mission. Project Gemini (1961-66) – Training for extravehicular activity, rendezvous and docking in preparation for the Apollo missions. Project Apollo (1961 – 75) – The first and (so far) only exploration mission to successfully land humans on the moon. Skylab (1973 – 79) – America’s first and only independently built Space Station. Space Shuttle program (1981 – 2011) – Fleet of launchable and reusable space vehicles. …

A Timeline Of The Sun’s Most Intimate Cosmic Trysts

Close Encounters of the Stellar kind The recent discovery of an Earth-sized planet circling Proxima centauri has us all very interested in our closest stellar neighbor. But we can’t help wondering-what other interesting objects have passed nearby in the distant past, or will do so in ages to come? We have put together a roundup of our Sun’s most thrilling past and future intimate encounters. 1. Star Q Timeframe: 4.5 Billion Years Ago Closest Approach: 227 AU A hypothetical solar sibling invoked to explain the peculiar orbits of some of the solar System’s remotest objects, such as Sedna and other long-period sednoids. Together with Sedna and other distant objects the mysterious “Planet Nine”-if it exists-may have been stolen from Star Q by a fussy and misbehaving infant Son. Start Q would have been about 80% more massive than the Sun, and passed within 34 billion km (21 billion mi) of the Solar System. 2. Algol Timeframe: Ca. 7.3 Million Years Ago Closest Approach: 9 Light Years The famous “Demon Star” a triple-star system with eclipsing in …

9 Hypothetical Starship Concepts for Interstellar Travel In Future

Despite practically every Sci-Fi movie you have ever seen, getting to the stars ain’t as easy as it looks. It’ll require unforeseen breakthroughs and radical innovations that are decades is not centuries away – still we clever little humans have a few plans on the drawing board. Here are some of the most exciting. 1. Nuclear Fusion Rocket Project Daledalus was a 5-year research program by the British Interplanetary Society to design a realistically achievable interstellar vessel. Favor: A 54, 000 tonne nuclear fusion rocket capable of propelling a 400 ton robotic probe to around 12% of the speed of light. Against: Requires 30, 000 tons of Helium-3 to be mined from the atmospheres of the Outer Planets. 2. Nuclear Pulse Rocket Elaborating on the concept of the project orion nuclear rocket – in which small nuclear bombs are ejected from the craft and exploded, accelerating it to high speeds – the Enzmann Starship envisions using this method to reach the near stars. Favor: Can transport up to 200 colonists to Proxima b within a …

This Is How Manned Interplanetary Expeditions Are Gonna Be True…

With the success of the New Horizon mission to Pluto, we’ve completed the preliminary reconnaissance of the Solar System – now it’s time to start planning for the human exploration of the alien beauties of our neighboring worlds. Casting ahead some 24 years, let’s take a look at some of the science objective for an envisioned first manned interplanetary expedition to visit the most interesting objects in the Solar System. Nautilus-X Multi-mission, space-only exploration vehicle Crew of 6 for supply of logistics for Journeys of 2+ years. It is equipped with Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket (VASIMR), Scaled-up SAFE – 400 nuclear electric power plant, 2 descent vehicles with dual atmospheric/exo-atmospheric configurations, and 4 EVA remote servicing drones. VSIMR  Engine VSIMR Engine is capable of variable impulse speeds depending on mission requirements. It is nuclear-powered with gravitational assists, and it can visit all the planets and pluto in less than 2 years. 1 – Departure Earth-Moon System Science Objectives: Examine the Earth’s spectral signature from afar for signs of life, which will aid in the search …

All About Nikolai Kardashev’s Scale You Want to Know

What is the Kardashev Scale? The Kardashev scale is a method of measuring a civilization’s level of technological advancement. First proposed by Soviet astronomical Nikolai Kardashev in 1964, the scale is based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to harness and utilize. The scale is hypothetical, but it puts energy consumption in a cosmic perspective and helps us understand how advanced we may become as a civilization. This is Nikolai Kardashev, the renowned Russian Astrophysicist. In 1964, he proposed a method of measuring the technological capabilities of alien civilizations. He would call it the Kardashev scale. Types of Civilization According to Kardashev Types of Advanced civilizations according to Kardashev scale The original Kardashev scale has 3 tiers –  type I, type II, and type III civilizations. They are structured based on the amount of energy a civilization is able to harness. Type I: A Planetary Society The species in a Type I Civilization are able To harness all of their planet’s energy. They have control over its natural forces, such as volcanoes, weather, and even earthquakes. They …

All You Need To Know About Brain Computer Interface

Imagine a world where machines can be controlled by thought alone. This Is the promise of brain-computer interface(BCIs) – using computers to decode and translate human thought into machine commands. Here’s a look at the evolution of BCI technology, its current state, and future prospects. Types Of Brain Computer Interface Invasive Signal-transmission devices are implanted directly in the brain’s grey matter. This method produces the highest quality signals, but scar tissue buildup can cause signal degradation. Partially Invasive Devices are implanted within the skull but not within the brain tissues. Produce higher quality signals then noninvasive techniques by circumventing the skull’s dampening effect on transmissions, and has less risk of scar tissue buildup. NonInvasive Involves simple wearables that register the EM transmission of neurons, with no expensive or dangerous surgery needed. This technique is certainly easier, but suffers from poor resolution caused by the skull’s interference with signals. A Short History Of BCI 1924: German neuroscientist Hans Berger discovers neuroelectrical activity using electroencephalography (EEG). 1970: The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) begins to explore …

The Strange World Of Dead And Dying Stars

The Sun’s nuclear furnace has  gamely churned along for 4.5 billion years-and it will continue to do so for at least that long or longer. But then what? We know it will bloat to a fearsome red giant over 200 times its current size, a blazing monstrosity that-like the titan Cronus in ancient myth-will devour its planetary children, including the Earth. So, with a view to forecasting our own planet’s troubled future, let’s examine some of the doomed planets of death and dying stars. Orange Giants 1. Thestias (Pollux B) Distance: 33.7 Light Years Age: 700 Million Years Mass: 2.3 Jupiter Masses The gas giant Thestias orbits the K-class orange giant Pollux – the nearest “evolved” star. Pollux is only in the earliest stages of gianthood – so Thestians can look forward to a very hot future. 2. Hypatia (Edasich B) Distance: 101 Light Years Age Possibility: 10 Billion Years Mass: 8.82 Jupiter Masses The planet Hypatia orbits the distant orange giant Edasich (lota Draconis). It may once have lain within the star’s habitable zone, …

9 Technologies That Self Driving Cars Are Powered With

1. GPS Accurate to within 1.9 metrs, it pinpoint the Macro location of the car; combined with reading from tachometers, altimeters, and gyroscopes it provides more precise positioning. 2. LIDAR Ranging system comprising 64 lasers emits pulses of light to take in 360 degree view of surroundings, identifying nearby objects and obstacles with an accuracy of up to 2 cm. 3. RADAR Detect obstructions in car’s blind spots; serves as accident prevention system that triggers alerts. 4. Stereo Vision Two windshield-mounted cameras create real-time 3D image of road ahead, looking for potential hazards. 5. Infrared camera Infrared beams emitted from headlamps and picked up by camera extend vision for night driving, producing illuminated image in dashboard display. 6. Lane Guidance Cameras behind rear-view mirror focus on lane markings and distinguish between road surface and boundary lines. 7. 8. 9 Wheel Encoder Sensors on wheels take measurements of car velocity as it drives and maneuvers through road traffic. 8. Ultrasonic Sensors Track and measure positions of objects very close to the car like curbs and sidewalks, …

How Television Evolved: The Story of 22 Generations

Television will get the biggest share of credit for the evolution of humans to modern times. We know the world we live in is mostly through the television. But, the history of television and story of its evolution is The television has been a staple of the global living room since the 1930s. Back then, TV sets were bulky, and screens were tiny-a black and white unit with a resolution of 8X8 pixels was widely considered the lap of luxury. Today’s television sets seem to be growing thinner and more detailed by the minute. It may not be long before they disappear altogether, perhaps, replaced by virtual reality screening rooms, or micro projectors embedded in our watches. But the TV sets will live on in memory. Take a peek at some of the most technologically notable units from the history of television. 1928 Octagon General Electric’s octagon is largely considered the first working television, although it never became commercially available. The set used a rotating disc and a neon lamp to produce images on a 3-inch …

Top 5 Tech Companies That Spend Most on Research and Development

Apple, one of the most innovative companies in the world, spent an astounding $6 billion in research and development (R&D) in 2014. That figure, however, is overshadowed by the R&D spending of five other tech giants. 5. Amazon: $10 Billion Dollars Amazon’s spending is centered on its cloud infrastructure, which is used for its online store and instant video. Major development spending includes e-readers, tablets, Smartphones, and TVs. 4. Google: $10.5 Billion Dollars Google has a number of projects, from self-driving cars to Internet-carrying weather balloons. To this end, it’s R&D a efforts focus on cutting edge artificial intelligence, deep learning, and robotics capabilities. Other spending areas include search algorithms, content delivery, and improvements to mobile operating systems. 3. Intel: $11.7 Billion Dollars Intel works to create faster, smaller, more efficient technology for the next generation of computer processors. More recently, Intel has shifted some of its attention to the server business making big advances in server processors. 2. Microsoft: $12.1 Billion Dollar With substantial revenues coming from hardware, commercial cloud, and enterprise services, Microsoft …

6 Wonderful Facts About The Speed of Internet

We’ve come a long, long way since noisy 56k modem and free trial Internet on direct mail CDs. But how far is that exactly? Who holds the record to the fastest broadband internet? mobile Internet? what’s the top speed ever clocked? What will our internet speeds look like in the future? We will let you know more such facts in this post.. 1. South Korea has the Fastest Broadband Internet In South Korea, netizens enjoy average broadband Internet connection speed of 20.5 Mbps. That’s about double the average Internet speed in the US, and four time the global average. 96% of the population has access to Internet faster than 4 Mbps. The country’s 4G mobile network is also among the fastest in the world, and plans have already been made to introduce 5G with 1 Gbps (gigabits/second) speeds. That’s enough to download a movie in one second. While fast is important to South Korea, the true value of its internet lies in the fact that it is both cheap (1/3 the price of U.S Internet) …

12 Flying Car Projects That Can Make The Dream Come True

1. Moller Skycar Engineer Paul Moller has been working on flying cars for more than 50 years. Thought investors have contributed more than $100 million to his efforts, none of his cars have successfully flown in free, untethered flight. After an unsuccessful attempt to finance the skycar through a crowdfunding campaign in 2013, Moller turned his attention to a new design-a flying saucer shaped vehicle called Neuera. He claims it will fly in front of the press before the end of 2016. 2. Xplorair px200 The Xplorair project was launched by aerospace engineer Michel Aguilar in 2007. He envisions a compact vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) aircraft without a rotating airfoil. His efforts are funded most notably, by the French Armed Forces. A UAV prototype of Aguilar’s aircraft is scheduled for flight in 2017. A single-seat flying car for commercial use should follow a decade or so later. Pilots will be able to fly the Xplorair without a driver’s licence using the aircraft’s automated flight mode. 3. Aeromobil The Aeromobil was designed by Stefan Klein, …

8 Type of Homes That Could be Built on Mars

Last year, NASA announced a 3D printed Habitat Design Competition, challenging participants to develop an architectural concept for a Mass habitat that utilizes 3D printing technology and in-situ resources.There were more than 165 submissions; each was judged on architectural concept, design approach, habitability, innovation, functionality, Mars site selection and 3D print constructability. Here are the top three, as well as a few other selected entries. Ice House Draws on the abundance of water and persistently low temperatures in Mars’ northern latitudes to create a multi-layered pressurized radiation shell of ice that encloses a lender habitat and gardens within. 3D printing technique harnesses the physics of water and its phase transition to construct the structure. Modular Inflatable Habitat Uses a semi-autonomous, multi-robot regolith additive manufacturing (Ram) system to create a protective in shield around a modular inflatable hab. Features design redundancy through distributed functionality, such as descent and navigation of the three inflatable models, flexible and interchangeable internal habitat design, and multi-robot microwave Regolith melting. Lava Hive Features “Lava-casting” construction technique, which utilizes recycled spacecraft materials …

8 Future Technologies Are Being Patented, Know Who Has Filed Them?

1. Smart Contact Lenses Filed By: Sony After Google Glass proved to be a clunky and awkward failure, the world’s biggest tech companies turned their attention toward a more unobtrusive augmented reality wearable-smart contact lenses. In February 2014, Sony Joined the fray by filing a patent for lenses that would allow you to record everything you see, and use deliberate blinks to control different mechanisms of the camera. Very Black mirror. Sony’s concept would be powered wirelessly via a nearby smartphone. 2. Augmented Reality Object Tracking Filed By: Amazon In 1968, ‘father of Computer Graphics’ Ivan E. Sutherland shared his vision for the ultimate virtual reality headset-a device that would be able to control and manipulate the existence of matter. In Sutherland’s word, a virtual chair would actually be good enough to sit in. We’re not quite there yet, but a patent filed by Amazon in December 2015 could take us one step closer. The concept features a projector that beams images onto objects in your physical room, and assigns them an identity and utility …

Top 7 Countries With High Speed Rail Networks

1. Japan The originator of the “bullet” train is the Shinkansen, a network of high-speed railway lines operated by four Japanese companies. With over 2,600 kms of lines, the trains operate at maximum speeds of 240 to 320 km/h (150 to 200 mph) linking major cities on the Islands of Honshu and kyushu. Since their introduction in 1964, no major incidents have been reported. 2. China China has the longest HRS network in the world with over 19,000 km (12,000 mi) of track in services as of January 2016. Most of its high-speed trains use conventional tracks, but the country was also the first to introduce a commercial high-speed maglev line-the Shanghai Maglev Train. 3. Taiwan Taiwan’s first and only HSR track, traversing 345 km (214 mi) from Taipei to Zuoying, opened in January 2007. The country utilizes Japanese trains that can achieve top speeds of 300 km/h (186 mph). Since the HSR began service, air and road traffic has been greatly reduced. 4. France In 1979, France began using their high speed train-the TGV-on …

6 Ways Weather Modification Techniques Can Benefit Us

We have mastered the science of creating rain which is important to supply water in drought-hit areas. This is in the realm of simple weather modification. Controlling more powerful weather systems like tornadoes and hurricanes requires more advanced technology, which we do not have now. Humans haven’t completely reached the ability to control and harness the planet’s natural forces. It may take 100-200 years or more to develop such technology, but humans have attempted to control the weather for the past 200 years. Here, we take a look at the ideas proposed and technologies applied in the quest for weather modification, and we’ll see how they would benefit the established framework of our life. 1. Making Rain General Electric chemist Vincent Schaefer discovered the principle of “cloud seeding” in July 1946. Schaefer’s colleague, atmospheric scientist Dr. Bernard Vonnegut,  combined silver and  iodide chemicals to produce silver iodide. Aside from silver iodide, potassium iodide and dry ice are also used and dispersed by aircraft into the clouds to produce rain shower or Snow. Considered a dependable and …

20 ‘Would Be True’ Predictions About The Coming Decade

1. In the next 10 years we will start to transmit information, thoughts, emotions, feelings, and memories across the planet through ‘Brain-net’ replacing internet. 2. Our life events will be recorded both digitally and emotionally. 3. Our brains will be hooked to a computer to decode memories and thoughts. 4. We would feel and experience the pain of others. 5. 3D printers will be able to print everything from cheap clothing and Lego-style housing modules to human organs that contain our own DNA. 6. Virtual and augmented realities will allow us to visit people that are thousands of miles apart, and create avatar of loved ones who have passed. 7. Bioengineering breakthroughs will let us reprogram the human genome to eradicate diseases and transform the aging processes. 8. JARVIS-type personal assistants will become a part of our daily life. They will scan our biometric data, monitor our health, troubleshoot problems and will keep account of everything we define as substantial matrices. They will be accountable to provide immediate answers to our questions, and to conduct massive, instantaneous data searches for …

Everything about Hyperloop that you want to know

The Hyperloop is a conceptual high-speed transportation system. It used part-vacuum tubes wherein pressurized capsules ride on air cushion. The tube are driven by linear induction motors and air compressors. Idea Entrepreneur billionaire Elon Musk first mentioned this concept for a “” in July 2012 naming it “Hyperloop.” It would have no rails, be immune to whether, never experience crashes, be twice as fast as a typical jet, require low power, and be able to store energy for 24-hour operations. Vactrain Concept The High-speed rail encounters problems with friction and air resistance when vehicles approach excessive speeds. The vactrain concept theoretically eliminates these problems by magnetically levitating trains in airless (or partly airless) tubes and tunnels. Supersonic speed is possible, but the high cost and difficulty of maintaining a vacuum over long distances has prevented this system from being built. The Hyperloop is similar to a vactrain system but operates at approximately one millibar (100 pa) of pressure. Design The Hyperloop will use passenger/ cargo “capsules” or “pods” that run through a continuous steel tube …

8 Amazing Autonomous (Driverless) Cars Coming In Future

Timeline by car manufacturers and tech giants on when driverless cars will be available on the market. 2017 Coming in 2017. Audi head of product and Technology Communications Stefan Moser said that the next generation of their A8 limousine will be able to drive itself with full autonomy. 2018 Tesla founder Elon Musk expects fully autonomous Teslas to be ready,  but notes that regulatory approval may take another 1 to 3 more years. Google founder surgery Brain plans to have the company’s first driverless cars on the market. 2020 Toyota plans to introduce their first models that are capable of autonomous highway driving. Andy Palmer, EVP of California-based Nissan Motors Limited announced that Nissan will make fully autonomous vehicles available to consumers. Honda Motor Co. expect to have self-driving vehicles on the road ahead of the Tokyo Summer Olympics. 2022 Intel CTO Justin Rattner predicts driverless cars will be in wide use, and adds that Intel is hoping to equip autonomous of Smart cars with its Atom and Core processors. 2025 Automotive supplier Continental plants …

Everything About Space Junk That You Want to Know

Since humans started launching rockets and other objects into space in the 1950s, orbital space debris has been slowly accumulating above our atmosphere. It’s a multinational problem that’s only getting worse-Russian scientists recently warned that the rise in space junk could provoke armed conflict in the near future. Here’s everything you need to know about our junkyard in the sky. The Size Of The Problem Estimated Figures as of July 2013 29,000 Pieces of debris the size of a softball a larger (≥ 10 cm) 670,000 Pieces of debris the size of a marble or larger (≥1 cm) 170 million pieces of debris too small to be tracked larger than 1 mm. Where It Comes From General Debris Dead satellites, the upper stages of launch vehicles, bits of discarded leftovers from separation, tiny flecks of paint, and even frozen clouds of water all remain in orbit high above Earth’s atmosphere. Explisions Last year’s spaceX Falcon 9 explosion proved once again that space tech is far from perfect. For the first 50 years, the major source …

Eight Technologies in Theory That Can Make Interstellar Travel a Reality

What will the spacecraft of the future look like? How will they be propelled as they travel to far off planets and galaxies? We examine the new engines and fuels that will propel future journeys to the stars. 1. Nuclear Power The Orion Mars spacecraft would use the power of a nuclear blast to lift off from remote desert areas. A Saturn V rocket could also carry the Orion spacecraft to orbit; it would then leave Earth’s orbit for its trip to the Red Planet. The Orion Mars spacecraft has a 4-crew cabin, 2 Mars landers, and enough small nuclear devices to prepare the ship to and from Mars. It is under development by NASA with a first mission planned for 2023; nuclear power is but one propulsion option. 2. Fusion Drive A fusion drive 300x greater specific impulse (efficiency) than conventional chemical rocket engines; mass travel time would be cut in half. Inverse electrically charged particles compressed and accelerated to the speed of light before they leave the spaceship’s propulsion system. Fusion drives are …

Top 5 space Agencies that are racing for a moon base

Most of the current and upcoming machines of the Moon are designed to prove survey, sample, map, mine and test systems and technologies for an eventual manned settlement of Earth’s nearest neighbor. Here, we take a look at the proponents and features of these planned moon basis. These are efforts by government space agencies, and do not include lunar project being undertaken by private aerospace companies. 1. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) In 2010, the government outline plans for humanoid robots to begin lunar service in 2015, and establish a robot base on the moon’s south pole by 2020 at the cost of $2 billion; these were later canceled due to budgetary constraints. AXA is pushing through with it it’s lunar surface mission-SLIM (smart land for investigating moon) on an Epsilon lawn rocket by 2019. Aside from SLIM, other future luna projects include the APPROACH lunar penetrator and the SELENE-2 moon landing mission. Long-term plans call for a manned lunar base by 2030. 2. China National Space Administration (CNSA) The Chinese program is an ongoing series …

Scaling Universe At The Speed of Light (See How Large Is Universe)

We are in the era of advanced physics. And we have been told that it is a vast universe where we live in. In our Milky Way, there are stars even thousand times bigger than our sun, and there are billions of Milky Way like galaxies each of which consist of about 100 billion stars on a rough estimate. A little bit science savvy people generally know to this extent. But further to this, there is something called cluster of Galaxies that may consist of hundreds to thousands of galaxies bound together by gravity. Then there are clusters of clusters called Superclusters. And to the farthest point we can see, what all we see are just clusters, clusters, and clusters of galaxies. We haven’t reached any endpoint. We have coined a term ‘observable universe’ for the part of the universe we can see and rest of the things are beyond our observation. So this big is our universe! Since universe is infinite, here were give you an idea about the size of the observable universe, …

What World Will Be Like After Hundred Years From Now: Vision 2116

Samsung recently commissioned the world’s leading futurists, architects, technological forecasters and sociological soothsayers to cast their visionary insight hundred years into the future. The results were gathered in the “SmartThings Future Living Report.” which might just become the  Sibylline Books of our day-a prophetic checklist for the world to come. 1. 3D printed homes Homes of the future will consist of algorithm programmed into a computer, and 3D printed by forms of drones. 2. Exotic Power Sources Our energy needs will be supplied by nuclear fusion and image space-based solar erase that soak up the sun’s light and team energy back to Earth 3. Building Big The cities of the future will use fantastically strong and versatile building materials-such as carbon nanotubes. 4. Cities Under The Sea “Sabic us cities” will ply the ocean currents, splitting water to produce oxygen for breathing and hydrogen fuel for its fusion power plants. 5. City in a Building Immense “arcologies” (architectural ecologies)will draft today’s tallest skyscrapers. 6. Building Deep Meanwhile, huge “earthscrapers” will burrow deep beneath the ground, …

China’s 10 Biggest Sci-Tech Projects

Seven undertakings in which the people’s republic is leading the way into the future 1. Programming the fastest supercomputer Unveiled recently, China’s Sunway Taihu-Light, with 93 petaflops of processing power is the world fastest supercomputer. The system is powered entirely by locally made processors, and is three times more powerful than the previous record holder, also from china, and five times faster than the speediest US system. 2. Building the largest radio telescope The five hundred meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) will be the largest radio telescope upon its completion in september 2016. Costing 700 million yuan ($105 million) and located at Guizhou Province, FAST will be used to detect ancient hydrogen signals, hunt for pulsars, and search for alien life. 3. Hunting for Particles The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is a particle physics project involving China, Chile, the U.S., Taiwan, Russia, and the Czech Republic. It is situated 3000m (984 ft) underground, where huge particle detectors located kilometers apart monitor rare events when neutrinos collide with regular particles. The work has already won …

15 Animals That Have Been Cloned

A staggering number of different animals have been cloned by scientists around the world since the 1950s. Cloning, of course, is the procedure for producing genetically identical individuals. In nature this happens in all sexual reproduction, while it happens in sexual reproduction, through identical twins. 1. CARP In 1963, Chinese embryologist Tong Dizhou became the first to successfully clone a fish when he inserted the DNA of a carp into the egg of a female carp. A decade later, Dizhou inserted Asian carp DNA into a European crucian carp to produce the first interspecies done. 2. CAT CopyCat, the first cloned cat, was created in December 2001 by scientists from Texas A&M University. Though genetically identical with her host CC had a completely different personality. She was shy and timid. while her host was playful and curious. 3. CATTLE Gene was the first cloned calf,  born in February 1997 at the American Breeders Service facilities in Wisconsin, USA. In 2015, Chinese company Boyalife announce a tie-up with Korean company Sooam Biotech to build a factory …

9 Skills That Make You a Roboticist

Robot are everywhere. Today we’re seeing one of the most transformative periods in the robotics industry as machines become more efficient, grow more autonomous, and learn to, well, learn. Robotics is booming-it’s a multimillion-dollar global market that will expand exponential in the coming decades, creating a whole new category of careers in the process, so, do you have what it takes to be a roboticist? Let’s find out. 1. Systems Thinking Robots are complicated systems; you have to be good at mechanics, electronics, electrics, programming, sensing, and even psychology and cognition. A roboticist has to understand how all these different systems work together, and be well versed in the theories that govern each of them. 2. Programming Mindset Programming is an essential skill whether you are managing low-level control systems or designing high-level cognitive system The main difference between robotics and other programming disciplines is that robotic programming interacts with hardware, electronics and the real world all at once. Though it is not required that you master all of the more than 1500 programming languages …

10 Equations That Changed The World

The brightest Minds in history have used mathematics to lay the foundation for how we measure and understand our universe. Time and time again, we have proved that it only takes one simple formula to alter the course of humanity. Here are ten equations that did just that. 1. Isaac Newton’s Law Of Universal Gravitation Newton’s law explains why the planets move the way they do,  and how gravity works, both on earth and throughout the universe. First published in the Principia  in July 1687, the law of Universal Gravitation was the defacto reference equation for nearly 200 years until Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity replaced it. 2. Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Einstein’s most famous undertaking is the generally accepted theory on the relationship between space and time. First proposed in 1905, the Theory of Relativity has both radically altered the course of physics, and deepened our knowledge of the universe’s past present, and future. 3. The Pythagorean Theorem The ancient theorem-first recorded circa 570-495 BC-is a fundamental principle in Euclidean Geometry, and the …

12 Facts About Super Volcanoes You Need to Know

Supervolcanoes erupt once every few thousand years. The events are so massive that they affect geological and atmospheric conditions on a global scale-they can even threaten species and induce extinction. Here is what we know about them. 1. What Is A Supervolcano? The word refers to a volcanic center that has had an eruption of magnitude of 8 on the volcanic Explosivity index [VEI]. This means that the deposits measured for the eruption are greater than 1,000 cubic kilometres [240 cubic miles]. 2. How They Are Formed? When magma in the mantle rises toward the Earth’s crust but is unable to break through, a large pool of trapped magma gradually builds until the crust is unable to withstand the extreme pressure. 3. How Are Volcanic Eruptions Classified? We measure eruptions using the VEI scale, which slides from 1 to 8. The scale was established as a general measurement of the explosive power of an eruption. The most common criteria is the volume of ejecta (ash, pumice, lava) and column height. 4. How Many VEI 8 …

4 Most Popular Myths About Moon

1. The Great Moon Hoax In 1835, The sun, a New York newspaper, published a series of what purported to be articles by Sir John Herschel, in which he claimed to have discovered a civilization of lunar “bat men.” A hoax, of course-designed to increase readership and revenue. 2. The Purification Machine The gnostic Manichaeans believed that the Moon was a kind of machine for drawing particles of Light-the Good-from the Darkness, purifying them, and  transmitting them to the sun;  its phases represent its alternate filling with and emptying of the Light. 3. The Moon-Biters The Romanian varcolaci, a species of vampires are said to cause lunar eclipses by attempting to devour the Moon-and filing its disk with blood. 4. Men On The Moon Driven to the Moon on the winds of a hurricane, the notorious liar Baron Munchausen found the lunar residents to be a giant race given to riding huge three-headed eagles in place of horses.

5 Phenomena of The Moon, And How They Happen

P1.Red Moon Seen when the Moon is low in the sky. It’s a function of the same phenomenon that makes for red sunsets-the Moon’s light is reddened from passing through  leagues of dusty atmosphere.  A lunar eclipse is caused by the opposite phenomenon-its surface is lit by the accumulated light of all the Earth’s sunsets and sunrises. 2. Blue Moon A year has four seasons-spring, summer, autumn, and winter-each with three months and normally three full Moons. When one of the seasons has four full Moons. The third  full Moon is called a Blue Moon. It occurs every 2.7 years. 3. Strawberry Moon The Moon Hangs quite low, and its light pours through thick humid air. creating an amber glow. The full strawberry Moon of June 20, 2016 coincided with the first day of the summer solstice, an event that last happened in 1967 and will occur next in 2062. 4. Super Moon The Moon makes its closest orbital approach, resulting in a larger disk size as seen from Earth. There can be as many …

9 Most Likely Habitable Exoplanet Candidates

The new discovery of an Earth-like exoplanet around Proxima Centauri, the nearest star of the Earth, means that potential life-bearing planets are right in our backyard. Now’s the time to take stock of all the exoplanets we’ve so far, and determine which of them are “super-habitable”-  practically Earth’s splitting image. Here’s a look at the most promising real estate in the galaxy as of late summer 2016. 1. Proxima b 1.3 times the Earth’s mass. 4.23 light-years away. The newly discovered the Proxima b is not only the nearest exoplanet to the Earth, but is the nearest potentially habitable exoplanet as well. It’s rocky planet in a close, 11-day orbit-which makes it warm enough for liquid water to exist on it’s surface. Proxima will certainly be the prime target for the first wave of interstellar probes. 2. Kapteyn b 4.8 times the Earth’s mass 12.8 light-years away. At over 11 billion years old, Kapteyn b may be the oldest potentially habitable exoplanet known. If life has evolved on Kapteyn b, it’s likely to be over …

The 5 Key Differences Between Atomic Bombs and Hydrogen Bombs

The hydrogen bomb has once again claimed front page headlines, having been (allegedly) detonated in a test by North Korea. But how does a hydrogen bomb differ from an atomic bomb? Here’s all that would make it clear to you. 1. The Process A.Bomb: An atomic bomb relies on nuclear fission, a reaction in which the nucleus of an atom is split, which releases a great deal of nuclear energy. H.Bomb: A hydrogen bomb relies on nuclear fusion, whereby two atomic nuclei collide u..t a very high speed, which joins them and forms a new type of nucleus. 2. How it Works A. Bomb: Atomic bombs are also known as fission bombs: fission material such as uranium or plutonium is combined into what Is known as a supercritical mass, or the amount of material needed to begin a nuclear chain reaction. When detonated, the explosive material in the bomb sets off a nuclear chain reaction that causes the explosion. H.Bomb: Hydrogen bombs are thermonuclear bombs: a fission bomb is placed inside a radiation-reflecting container with a fusion …

9 Worst Nuclear Disasters In The History According to INES

We rounded up some of the world’s worst nuclear disasters ranked by their placement on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES). 1. SL-1 Experimental Power Station Idaho, USA 3 January 1961 This nuclear disaster was caused by improper removal of control rod responsible for absorbing neutrons in the reactor core, resulting in a steam explosion and meltdown. The accident killed three operators while 22 other workers were fully exposed to the radiation.  790 other people exposed to harmful levels  during cleanup and disposal of radioactive wastes. $4.3 million worth of property loss was estimated from the incident. 2. RA-2 Facility Buenos Aires, Argentina 23 September 1983 This nuclear accident was caused due to operator error while re-configuring a fuel plate. leading to a nuclear reactor assembly meltdown. nuclear accident the operator died 2 days later after exposure to massive doses of gamma and neutron rays. 17 others in the facility absorbed radiation doses. 3. Tokaimura Nuclear Accident 30 September 1999 Tōkai, Japan This need a disaster occurred when workout at the nuclear power plant …

Top 10 Alternative Energy Sources Of The Future

It will come as a surprise to no one that liquid fossil fuel is a finite resource. Sooner or later, all the Earth’s oil deposits will dry up, and we’ll be completely dependent upon alternative sources of energy. While many have embraced traditional solar power, wind power, and hydro power, others are looking ahead to even cleaner and more efficient alternatives. Here are the ones that hold a great deal of potential. Space-Based Solar Power Idea 55-60% of all incoming solar energy doesn’t make it through the Earth’s atmosphere. In a space-based solar power system, fleets of satellites with large reflector or inflatable mirror could be spread out in space, directing solar radiation onto solar panels. The panels could convert that solar power into microwaves that continuously beam down to power-receiving stations on Earth,  ensuring no energy is lost. Status In March 2015, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency [JAXA] revealed; they had successfully converted 1.8 kilowatts of electricity into microwave, after which they wirelessly beamed them a distance of 50 metres, proving the idea’s viability. …