Artificial Photosynthesis uses a solar-powered device, called an artificial leaf, which converts sunlight and water into hydrogen and oxygen (splitting water). The hydrogen could then be used directly as liquid fuel or channeled into a fuel cell. The process mimics the natural photosynthesis that generates energy for plants through plant leaves.
Benefits of Artificial Photosynthesis
The current technologies that generate power from solar energy lack something important: the ability to store energy. Artificial Photosynthesis solves this problem by making the final product into a storable fuel.
Different Types of Fuels
Artificial Photosynthesis has the potential to produce more than one type of fuel. The final product could be liquid hydrogen, which can be used like gasoline in hydrogen-powered engines, or methanol, which can be used to directly run cars.
No Need To Recharge Electronics Again
Electronics could automatically recharge when they are getting low on power by simply absorbing and storing energy from the Sun.
Reduce Global Warming
The use of Artificial Photosynthesis on a momentous scale could take in and clean up the excessive amounts of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere and reverse the harmful effects of the greenhouse effect.
More Food Everywhere
Artificial Photosynthesis could help solve the global food shortage here on Earth, and could help product food for future space colonies. Nature’s photosynthesis synthesizes carbohydrates, the source of food on which virtually all life depends on. By mastering photosynthesis, the amount of farming needed would substantially decrease and World hunger would diminish.
If the processes of artificial photosynthesis were mastered, it would be possible to take the CO2 and urine given off by the astronaut and convert it to oxygen and food. This would make space colonies a much more realistic vision and allow for trips of longer duration.
Free And Unlimited Energy Supply
For as long as the sun lives. The sun is expected to die when its core runs out of hydrogen in about 6 billion years. By then humans would have found a new home.