1. The Great Moon Hoax
In 1835, The sun, a New York newspaper, published a series of what purported to be articles by Sir John Herschel, in which he claimed to have discovered a civilization of lunar “bat men.” A hoax, of course-designed to increase readership and revenue.
2. The Purification Machine
The gnostic Manichaeans believed that the Moon was a kind of machine for drawing particles of Light-the Good-from the Darkness, purifying them, and transmitting them to the sun; its phases represent its alternate filling with and emptying of the Light.
3. The Moon-Biters
The Romanian varcolaci, a species of vampires are said to cause lunar eclipses by attempting to devour the Moon-and filing its disk with blood.
4. Men On The Moon
Driven to the Moon on the winds of a hurricane, the notorious liar Baron Munchausen found the lunar residents to be a giant race given to riding huge three-headed eagles in place of horses.